The first country to ratify the amendment agreement signed in October 2016 was Mali. In March 2017, the federated states followed Micronesia, the Marshall Islands and Rwanda. The European Union, along with most of its member states, was a single bloc of parties to the Montreal Protocol; Along with others, this allowed the amendment to come into force on January 1, 2019. The Russian Federation has ratified the Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol, making it the 105th country and the European Union (EU) to ratify the global agreement on reducing HFC emissions. Liberia`s ratification, recorded on 12 July, is an important step in the agreement, with UNEP seeing it as a welcome boost to the fight against climate change. “Any ratification of the Kigali amendment brings us closer to repeating the success of the Montreal Protocol in the management of ozone-depleting substances,” said Tina Birmpili, Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat. “This success is based on the cooperation of nations. I look forward to more than 100 ratifications and look forward to many more in the months and years ahead. The need for the amendment stems from the 1987 Montreal Protocol, which controls ozone-depleting substances. Because CFCs have been used as an alternative to ozone-depleting substances in refrigeration facilities, their role in global warming has become a major problem.
In 2016, the parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the CFC Convention concluding the 28th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 28) in Kigali, Rwanda. Governments have agreed that it will come into force on January 1, 2019, provided that at least 20 parties to the Montreal Protocol have ratified it. On 17 November 2017, Sweden and Trinidad and Tobago tabled their ratification instruments, exceeding the required threshold. KENYA: The 100th ratification of the Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol was hailed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) as “great news”. The Kigali Amendment is a legally binding international agreement that aims to create rights and obligations in international law. The amendment is legally binding on a contracting party only if it has come into force with respect to that party. January 3, 2019: The Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol on ozone-depleting substances came into force on January 1, 2019, after ratification by 65 countries. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) announced its entry into force and said it would help reduce the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), greenhouse gases (GHGs) and thus prevent global warming by up to 0.4oC this century. “The Kigali amendment, which obtained 100 ratifications, is therefore good news.
The amendment is a powerful tool to keep our planet cool. I thank the States that have ratified it and encourage the other 98 to follow this example and contribute to a safer future for humanity as a whole. Nations agree on global extraction of CFCs – October 15, 2016RWANDA: Nearly 200 nations agreed this morning on a complex phase of dismantling HFC refrigerants. Read more… The Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol is an international agreement to gradually reduce the consumption and production of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The amendment was accepted at the 28th meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol in Kigali on October 15, 2016.